Quick Answer: Is MSA Selective Or Differential?

How is MSA a differential media?

The differential ingredient in MSA is the sugar mannitol.

Organisms capable of using mannitol as a food source will produce acidic byproducts of fermentation that will lower the pH of the media.

The acidity of the media will cause the pH indicator, phenol red, to turn yellow..

What organisms are inhibited from growing on MSA?

It contains a high concentration (about 7.5–10%) of salt (NaCl), making it selective for most Gram-negative and some Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus, Enterococcus and Micrococcaceae) since this level of salt is inhibitory to most other bacteria.

What does a red color symbolize in a MSA plate?

Bacteria growing on mannitol salt agar are positive for mannitol fermentation if the culture medium under their colonies is changed from its normal red color to yellow, indicating acidic growth products. Bacteria unable to use mannitol usually change the medium to a magenta color in the vicinity of growth.

Is MacConkey selective or differential?

MacConkey agar is a selective and differentiating agar that only grows gram-negative bacterial species; it can further differentiate the gram-negative organisms based on their lactose metabolism.

Can E coli grow on MSA?

(A) Staphylococcus aureus, (B) Staphylococcus epidermidis, and (C) Escherichia coli streaked on a mannitol salt agar plate. … The growth of E. coli was inhibited by the high salt concentration.

What does E coli look like on MacConkey Agar?

coli was made based on its characteristic morphology colony on the selective medium MacConkey agar. Rapid lactose fermenting colonies of E. coli appear dry, donut shaped and dark pink in color and are surrounded with dark pink area of precipitated bile salts.

Can a media be both selective and differential?

Selective and differential media can be combined and play an important role in the identification of bacteria by biochemical methods. Another commonly used medium that is both selective and differential is eosin-methylene blue (EMB) agar. … Therefore, EMB is selective for gram-negatives.

What is the ingredient that makes MSA a selective medium?

Mannitol Salt AgarMannitol Salt Agar (MSA) This is a medium that is both selective and differential. The high salt concentration (7.5%) is the selective ingredient. Staphylococcus species, which commonly inhabit human skin, can grow on this high salt concentration (left plate in picture below).

What bacteria can grow on MacConkey Agar?

MacConkey agar is used for the isolation of gram-negative enteric bacteria. It is used in the differentiation of lactose fermenting from lactose non-fermenting gram-negative bacteria. It is used for the isolation of coliforms and intestinal pathogens in water, dairy products and biological specimens.

What does MSA agar selective for?

Mannitol Salt Agar (MSA) is used as a selective and differential medium for the isolation and identification of Staphylococcus aureus from clinical and non-clinical specimens. It encourages the growth of a group of certain bacteria while inhibiting the growth of others.

What bacteria does not grow on blood agar?

Blood agar is an enriched, bacterial growth medium. Fastidious organisms, such as streptococci, do not grow well on ordinary growth media. Blood agar is a type of growth medium (trypticase soy agar enriched with 5% sheep blood) that encourages the growth of bacteria, such as streptococci, that otherwise wouldn’t grow.

What type of bacteria grow on blood agar?

Blood Agar is used to grow a wide range of pathogens particularly those that are more difficult to grow such as Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria species. It is also required to detect and differentiate haemolytic bacteria, especially Streptococcus species.

Does Micrococcus luteus grow on MSA?

When grown on mannitol salt agar some species of Micrococcus (Micrococcus is a normal flora of human skin, mucosa, and oropharynx), such as M. luteus (yellow) can produce yellow colonies. … They can ferment mannitol and produce lactic acid, producing yellow colored colonies on MSA.

Can gram negative bacteria grow on MSA?

The MSA agar will retain its initial red color and will not change to yellow. Gram-negative bacteria like E. coli and P. aeriginosa are not tolerant to salt (not halophilic) and will not grow colonies on MSA (see quadrants II and IV).