What Is The Difference Between Crown Court And Magistrates?

Is Crown Court worse than magistrates?

Virtually all criminal court cases start in a magistrates’ court, and around 95% will be completed there.

The more serious offences are passed on to the Crown Court, either for sentencing after the defendant has been found guilty in a magistrates’ court, or for full trial with a judge and jury..

What type of cases are heard in Crown Court?

A Crown Court deals with serious criminal cases, for example: murder. rape. robbery.

Is County Court the same as magistrates court?

These are the main civil courts. While higher-value cases are heard in the High Court, the county courts hear a wide range of civil actions, consumer claims, and appeals from magistrates’ courts.

What should I expect at Crown Court?

What happens at a Crown Court trial? The court clerk reads out the offence you have been charged with. You are then asked if you want to plead guilty or not guilty. If you plead guilty at this stage, there’s no trial and you are convicted and sentenced by the court.

Can anyone go to Crown Court to watch?

The Crown Court almost always sits in public. … As a general rule you will be able to gain access to any of the Crown Court rooms but be careful. The Crown Court often sits in a Combined Court Centre, i.e. a building where the Crown Court and County Court sits together. You should only try to enter Crown Court cases.

What happens if you plead not guilty at Crown Court?

Pleading not guilty means that you say you didn’t do the crime, or that you had a reasonable excuse for doing so. The court will then have a trial to decide whether you did. If the court decides that you did, this means you will be convicted, and the court will decide what sentence to give you.

Do all cases go through magistrates court?

Cases for less serious crimes are usually heard in the Magistrates’ Court. Cases for more serious crimes usually start in the Magistrates’ Court and then go to the County or Supreme Court. It can take time for a case to go through all the hearings, so keep in touch with the team prosecuting your case.

Who makes the decisions in the magistrates court?

Most criminal cases are first heard in this court in some form. Most civil actions are also heard here. Unlike the Supreme and District Courts, Magistrates Courts have no jury. Therefore, the magistrate makes all decisions in criminal matters, including any penalty.

Are all Crown Court cases reported?

This includes allocation and sending hearings in the Magistrates’ Court, preparatory and pre-trial hearings in the Crown Court. Once a trial is underway, you can expect to see reports of the entire proceedings, unless a Judge orders otherwise.

What is the minimum sentence at Crown Court?

The section requires that a Crown Court shall impose a minimum sentence of: 5 years imprisonment if the offender is aged 18 or over when convicted; or, 3 years detention under s. 91 PCC(S)A 2000 (long term detention) if the offender was under 18 but over 16 when the offence was committed.

Who sits on the magistrates bench?

What is a magistrate? Magistrates (also called Justices of the Peace) are ordinary people who hear cases in court in their community. They sit in benches of three, including two ‘wingers’ and one who sits in the centre who has received special training to act as chair, known as the Presiding Justice.

Do all crimes go to court?

Once the police have identified an offender, they can interview them. Not all offenders are dealt with in court, the police do have a number of options in dealing with minor crimes that are called Out-of-Court disposals. …

How long does it take to go from magistrates to crown court?

That takes place usually 4 weeks after the magistrates’ court hearing. That may sound like a long time in which to prepare, but it’s very important to speak to an experienced criminal defence solicitor as soon as you are charged with a crime.

What is the maximum sentence a crown court can give?

If sentenced in the Crown Court the maximum sentence is 5 years’ imprisonment and/or a fine.

What happens at first hearing in Crown Court?

The first hearing at Crown Court after the case has been sent by the Magistrates is the Plea and Trial Preparation Hearing (“PTPH”). … Usually being the only hearing before trial, it is expected arraignment will occur unless there is good reason why it should not.

Who decides the verdict in a Crown Court?

After listening to all the evidence in a case the District Judge or a jury, in a Crown Court, will decide on whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty. If the defendant is found guilty, the judge in the case will decide the sentence.